First aid procedures

Wednesday, 25 November 2015 14:00

Ammonia is one of the most water solube of all gases. Accordingly, the best means of providing first aid for an injury caused by ammonia contact with eyes or skin is to flush immediately with a large quantity of clean water. Following first aid procedures are suggested:

a- Skin:

Water will have the effect of thawing out clothing which may be frozen the skin. Such clothing should be removed and flooding of the skin with water continued for at least 15 minutes. Do not apply salves or ointments to skin or mucous membrane burns, medicine treatment is otherwise the same as for thermal burns.

b- Eyes:

If contacted by ammonia the eyes must be flooded immediately with copious quantity of clean water. If contact lenses are worn, they must be removed, otherwise ammonia may be trapped underneath causing severe burns. No oils or any medicine should be placed in the eyes unless ordered by a physician.

c- Internal:

If ammonia has been swallowed and if the patient is conscious and able, have him drink large quantities of water immediately. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Shuld the patient vomit, place his face down with head lower than hips to prevent vomitus from entering lungs. Transport patient to nearest hospital.

d- Inhalation:

Any conscious person who has incurred irritation due to inhalation of ammonia and vapor should proceed at once to a location free of ammonia and breath fresh air. If exposure has been minimal, usually no other treatment will be necessary. A person overcome by ammonia must be carried to a location free of ammonia and the services of a physician obtained promptly. Successful resusciation requires speed and efficiency. If there is an obstruction to the patient's breathing, the airway must be clear by appropriate methods which may include proper positioning of the patient's head, pulling the tongue forward and clearing any blockage from the mouth. If sponteneous breathing does not resume after the airway has been cleared, artificial respirator should be started immediately by mouth-to-mouth resusciation. Oxygen therapy may be indicated once the patient's breathing has been restored or if it continues to be labored. It should not replace immediate mouth-to-mouth resusciation. During treatment, patient should be placed in a reclining position, kept quiet, at rest and comfortable warm but not hot. Right after first aid, patient should be sent to hospital for treatment.